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[xsl] In XPath 2.0 can my XSLT program validate the input and check whether the validation succeeded?

2013-07-20 14:50:44
Hi Folks,

I want my input XML document to be validated within my XSLT program. 

I don't want the input validated when I invoke the transformation; thus, I do 
not specify the -val flag when I invoke SAXON.

I want to validate non-atomic values (i.e., elements with complexType).

I want to test whether the validation succeeded. 

I want to do this in XPath 2.0.

Is it possible?

EXAMPLE

I have an XML Schema which declares a Book element and a BookType:
------------------------------------------------------------------
    <xsd:element name="Book" type="BookType" />
    
    <xsd:complexType name="BookType">
        <xsd:sequence>
            ...
        </xsd:sequence>
    </xsd:complexType>
------------------------------------------------------------------

In my XSLT program I import the XML Schema:

    <xsl:import-schema schema-location="BookStore.xsd"/>

In my XSLT program I have a template rule for Book. I want this template rule 
to validate the Book against the XML Schema and only output the Book if 
validation succeeds. Here is the code that I used:
  
    <xsl:template match="Book">
        <xsl:if test="data(.) instance of element(Book, BookType)">
            <xsl:sequence select="."/>
        </xsl:if>
    </xsl:template>

I ran my XSLT program and the output contained no Book elements, even though I 
know they are valid.

Here is what I think the problem is: since I did not specify the SAXON -val 
flag, the input has no type annotations. Consequently, each Book is not an 
instance of a Book element with type BookType and this boolean condition fails:

        data(.) instance of element(Book, BookType)

Do I have a correct understanding of what the problem is?

Is there a way to solve this problem? Here is what I seek: (1) don't validate 
the input at invoke time, (2) do validate the input within the XSLT program, 
and (3) do explicitly check whether validation succeeded.

/Roger

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